Mono / Monodoigt – n. French for “one finger” pocket, a pocket in which only one finger can fit.

Move – n. Refers to the motion between holds. ie; “That’s a tough move from the gaston to that sloper.”

Multi Pitch Climb – n. A climb with more than one pitch, or ropelength.

Natural Protection – n. Gear that is placed in cracks or pockets which can be removed with no harm to the rock. ie: cams, nuts, hexes.

Nubbin – n. A very tiny protrusion that may be used as a sketchy foot or hand hold.

Nuts – n. a flared piece of metal placed into a bottle neck constriction as a means of protection.

Nylon – n. Material used to make slings, aiders and daisychains. Many climbers are shifting over to Dyneema or Spectra however.

Off Belay – n. Common climbing call from a climber to a belayer letting them know they are safe and no longer require belaying.

Offwidth – n/vb a crack that is neither wide enough to fit the whole body (chimney size) nor narrow enough to hand jam. Notorious for the necessity of awkward technique to climb.

Onsight – n/vb. a clean ascent with no falls, first try, with no prior knowledge of the route.

Open Book – n. An inside corner on a right angle. The rock flares out from a central corner looking like an open book.

Open hand – n.vb. a technique that requires a maximum amount of skin contact from the hand. Often used on slopers. (antonym: crimper)

Outdoor Climbing – n. Climbing on real rock, ice or snow. Often a foreign concept to gym rats.

Passive – adj. Passive protection has no special action like a cam, it is merely wedged into a crack and functions only one way.

Pendulum – v. To swing in an arc on the end of a rope to gain access to an anchor or rock feature to one side of your current position. Also a dangerous situation that may occur during a fall, if the top piece of protections is off to one side.

Peg – n. See piton.

Pin – n. See piton.

Pin scar – n. The remaining damage to a crack after a piton (or pin) has been removed. I don’t like that climb; all its holds are pin scars.

Pinch – n. Any hold that must be pinched.

Pinkpoint – n.vb. A clean (no-falls) ascent of a route on lead with gear pre-placed. The climber need only clip the rope into the preplaced protection while climbing. Note: This term has disappeared from sport climbing terminology with all clean leads called redpoints.

Pitch – n. Generally a ropelength between belay stations on a multi-pitch climb.

Piton – n. a long-nosed, spike shaped, piece of metal driven into cracks for protection or aid.

Plastic – n. common name for the material of which artificial holds are made.

Pocket – n. an indented climbing feature that requires insertion of appendages to use.

Pop – adj. What happens to protection when it comes out of its placement. 2.(v.) to make a small throw to the next hold. ie: Pop for the jug.

Portaledge – n. A portable and colapsable ledge used for sleeping on a big wall or multi-pitch climb requiring more than one day to complete.

Pro – n. short for protection.

Protection – n. Gear placed on a climb to protect the climber in the event of a fall. ie: nuts, pitons, cams, bolts, quickdraws.

Protection Point – n. The last place on a climb where the leader placed and clipped their rope into a piece of protection.

Prusik Knot – n. A friction knot that when loaded, will lock on a rope. It is used when climbing a rope, backing up a rappel or locking off the belay system.

Psychological protection – n. A very poorly placed peice of protection that will never hold a fall but makes the climber feel better about having gear beneath them.

Pulley System – n. Where the rope runs through a series of pulley’s and carabiners to gain a mechanical advantage when pulling the rope.

Pumped – adj. tired. referring to the state of forearms in a desperate state, swollen and unresponsive.

Quick Link – n. An oval shaped, metal ring with a screw gate requiring a wrench to fasten. These are often used to secure quickdraws to bolt hangers on indoor walls or as bail biners when a climber needs to decend from a route which is too difficult.

Quickdraw – n. two caribiners connected by a webbing or rope. used to link elements of protection.

Rappel – n/vb the act of self belaying down the length of a rope to descend.

Redpoint – n/vb. a clean ascent with no falls, placing protection while climbing.

Roof – n. a 180 degree overhang.

Runner – n. a sewn or tied loop of webbing or rope used to connect protection elements.

Runout – n/vb/adj. without adequate protection.

Safety rating – Rockclimbing.com uses the following “safety ratings” for routes: G – Well-protected route with low risk as long as climbers follow proper safety precautions; PG13 – Small potential for non-lethal injury; R – Run-out between protection and/or potential injury from falls; X – Little or no protection, dangerous run-outs and potential for serious injury or death from a fall.

Sandbag – n/adj/vb a climb that receives a rating inappropriately low rating for the difficulty.

Screamer – n a very long fall. Also a common name for a device which reduces peak force by controlled tearing of stitching, more specifically the brand name for one of these products by Yates.

Second – vb following the leader on a multi-pitch route, and typically cleaning any protection that was placed on the pitch. 2. (n) a person (one or more) who is seconding a climb.

Send – vb to complete a route successfully.

Self Arrest – vb. the act of stopping oneself with the axe in the case of a fall while on a snow slope.

Sidecling – n. Any hold that requires the climber to pull on it in a sideways manner.

Slab – n any climb that is less than vertical, especially those devoid of features requiring smearing of the feet.

Sling – n/vb a loop of webbing or rope (see runner)

Sloper – n. a downward sloping hold.

Smear – n/vb the act of placing a large surface area of shoe rubber on a hold to create maximum friction.

Solo – n/vb Climbing alone, without a partner. Often used as abbreviation for free solo, which refers to climbing without a partner or protection.

Sport Climbing – n a school of climbing that generally emphasizes shorter routes, physically difficult movement, and bolted protection. This includes gym climbing and competition.

Stacking – n/vb. placing fingers above each other in a crack to lock while crack climbing.

Stem – n/vb movement requiring opposing outward pressure much like a child climbing a door jam.

Top rope – n/vb a climb that has the rope anchors preset at the top of the climb. In general this requires shorter falls than a “lead”

Topo – n a map of routes and their names.

Traditional/ trad / trad climbing – n/adj Climbing that emphasizes longer routes and removable protection.

Tuffa – n. Generally rounded hanging features formed by calcium leaching out of limestone. Basically the climber’s version of Stalactites.

Undercling – n/vb a hold that requires fingers to face upward rather than downward.

V ratings – n. an open ended scale used to rate the difficulty of boulder problems. See “ratings” in the beginner section for a conversion chart.

Verglas – n. a thin layer of ice covering rock.

Whipper – n a fall.

Wire – n. Slang for Nut. See Nuts.

Wired – adj. describing a well rehearsed climbing sequence.

X – No entries.

Yosemite Decimal System (YDS) – n. the most common system used to rate difficulty in the U.S. Most technical rock climbing is rated on a scale of 5.0 to 5.14c/d with higher numbers representing harder climbs.
Zipper – vb. to pull out protection sequentially while falling.